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1895 Creation of Le Clos du Caillou

The Clos du Caillou was founded in 1895 when Élie Dussaud settled there and created an old cellar. It started as a hunting preserve and this history ironically led to its exclusion from the Châteauneuf-du-Pape appellation upon its creation in the 1930's.

When the government experts arrived at the Clos in 1936 to survey the land for its inclusion in the new appellation, they were met with armed caretakers telling them they were not welcome! This is the reason for the seemingly inexplicable blank spot in the Châteauneuf-du-Pape appellation map.

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1936 - AOC Châteauneuf du Pape régulations

In the early 20th century, Châteauneuf-du-Pape was plagued by wine fraud; various rules for the production of Châteauneuf-du-Pape, drawn up and promulgated in 1923, were the first Appellation Contrôlée rules in France, and provided the prototype for subsequent AOC rules. The original AOC rules allowed ten varieties, and were amended to thirteen in 1936, and eighteen in 2009.Baron Pierre le Roy of Château Fortia was the principal architect of these regulations, which set the minimum alcohol level of the wines and set limits on yields as well as which types of grapes could be grown in which area.Another one of the Baron's requirements was that no vineyards could be planted on land that wasn't arid enough to support plantings of both lavender and thyme.

The experts who wanted to put Le Clos du Caillou area into the delimitation arrived at the domain and were welcomed with a gun! Then, they decided to not put Le Clos du Caillou in the area of Châteauneuf du Pape. That is why, Le Clos du Caillou produce Côtes du Rhône inside the area of Chateauneuf du Pape...

 

 

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1955 - Acquisition of the vineyard by Paul Pouizin and first plantings

It’s only in 1955, with the Pouizin family, that the “Caillou island” isolated on his wonderful terroir started to open his doors.

At this period, the estate was composed mainly of woods and it was used as a hunting reserve. The reservoir was used to store the water for the inhabitants of Courthézon.

Sylvie VACHERON father’s, Claude POUIZIN, started to deforest the hunting reserve to value the place. According to him, the terroir of this place was exceptional and could not stay only woods. The potential to make growing vines was huge. Then, he decided to plant vines instead of the woods, which was strongly criticized among the inhabitants of Courthézon at that time…

In 1955, Paul Pouizin realized the amazing terroir that lay in this forested hunting preserve, he set about clearing portions of the land and planting vines. 

Acquisition and planting, and the vineyard was created.

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1970 - First bottles traded by Colette Pouizin

Interested in the development of the commercialization, Claude Pouizin launched the production of the first bottles in the 1970's. His wife, Colette Pouizin start to trade the bottles and developped the commercialization with rigor and humility. For 26 years, Colette Pouzin developed the French market and particularly the sales at the tasting cellar on the vineyard. She liked to welcome and share its passion for the wines and the magic place of Le Clos du Caillou with people for different place of the world. 

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1980 First bottles exported

In 1980, the success of the commercialization of wines from the vineyard attract some importers who decided to start importing the wines of Le Clos du Caillou. Years after years, the exportations increased. Today, the wines of the vineyard are exported all around the world.

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1996 Sylvie et Jean-Denis Vacheron take over the vineyard

At the age of 61, Claude Pouizin thinks to his inheritance. Father of three daughters, it will be his yougest daughter Sylvie who will continue his work. Living in Sancerre with her young husband, Jean-Denis Vacheron, Marie-Claire and Jean-Louis Vacheron' son, winemakers in Sancerre, the couple decided to leave Sancerre terroirs for a huge challenge : take over the vineyard Le Clos du Caillou and produce great wines. Then, in 1996, they leave Sancerre and set up at Le Clos du Caillou, with their 2-years-old daughter, Marilou and their newborn, Axel. 

Jean-Denis has very high ambition for the vineyard. He is determined to produce wines that suits him, free of any diktat. He like the finesse, the elegance, the Burgundy style. 

Vintage after vintage, Jean-Denis succeed to prove his talents as an impressive winemaker, lead by passion without any limits and visionnary ideas. This great epicurean, is recognized in the press (100/100 in 2001) but also by his colleagues and friends from the wine world, dear friend of winemakers. 

Le Clos du Caillou definitively jumped ahead and in a few years, Le Clos du Caillou competes with the best producer of the appellation.

 

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2002 Take over by Sylvie Vacheron & Bruno Gaspard

After the tragic Jean-Denis death in 2002, Sylvie carries on the work and remained focus on the perfect quality of her wines with the precious help of the talented winemaker Bruno GASPARD.

This is in 2002, that Bruno continues the long work set up by Jean-Denis. With rare human values and humility, Bruno found his place in the domain, and embraces its talents of winemaker. He found an estate as high as his talents.

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2010 Organic Certification

The domain got the organic certification on 2010 vintage. It was the outcome of efforts towards natural practices started by Claude Pouizin in the early 1950's. It lasted 3 years of reconversion. In this same philosophy, since few years, one part of the vineyard is conducted in biodynamic agriculture way, with the goal to swing on the totality of the vineyard.

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MENTIONS LEGALES

Présentation 
En vertu de l’article 6 de la loi 2004-575 du 21 juin 2004 pour la confiance dans l’économie numérique, il est précisé aux utilisateurs du site http://closducaillou.com l’identité des différents intervenants dans le cadre de sa réalisation et de son suivi : 

Responsable de publication : Sylvie VACHERON
Hébergeur : Online SAS - BP 438 - 75366 Paris CEDEX 08 - RCS Paris B 433 115 904

Conception
Ce site a été conçu et réalisé par Geoffroy BEGOUAUSSEL (jeyffrey.fr).

Informations légales
Articles L3322-2, L3342-4, L3323-2 du code de la santé publique :
L'abus d'alcool est dangereux pour la santé, à consommer avec modération.
L'alcool ne doit pas être consommée par des femmes enceintes.
La vente d'alcool est interdite aux mineurs.

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